Glaucoma-Friendly Foods to Support Your Eye Health

Oct 02, 2023
 Glaucoma-Friendly Foods to Support Your Eye Health
Your diet can complement medical and surgical treatments to help manage glaucoma. Here is a list of glaucoma-friendly foods from leafy greens to fatty fish to support your eye health.

Glaucoma is an eye condition where fluids build up in the front part of the eye, increasing eye pressure and damaging the optic nerve. Alongside medications and minimally invasive glaucoma surgery, diet modifications can help manage the disease. 

The experienced team at Cory Bergman, MD, in Rapid City, SD, and Casper, Wyoming, compiled the following list of glaucoma-friendly foods that can benefit your eye health.

Leafy greens

Rich in nitrates, leafy green vegetables like spinach, kale, and collard greens can help increase blood flow to the eyes, potentially mitigating glaucoma risks. Additionally, these greens contain lutein and zeaxanthin, antioxidants that have been shown to protect the retina and reduce eye strain.

Citrus fruits

Vitamin C is an antioxidant that helps improve the health of your eye tissue. Citrus fruits including oranges, grapefruits, and lemons provide a lot of vitamin C. Vitamin C helps the body absorb other nutrients, and a higher vitamin C intake has been associated with a lower risk of glaucoma.

Fish rich in omega-3s

Omega-3 fatty acids, particularly those found in fatty fish such as salmon, mackerel, and sardines, have anti-inflammatory properties and are essential for retinal function. Consuming fish regularly may lower eye pressure and improve blood flow to the retina.

Nuts and seeds

Almonds and seeds such as chia and flax are excellent sources of vitamin E and Omega-3s. These nutrients can help in reducing oxidative stress, a known factor in the progression of glaucoma. 

Whole grains

Complex carbohydrates like brown rice, whole-wheat pasta, and quinoa have a lower glycemic index than their white counterparts. A diet low in simple sugars and high in complex carbohydrates helps regulate blood sugar levels, vital for maintaining eye health.

Beans and lentils

Zinc is another critical element for maintaining retinal health and may even protect against the damaging effects of light and inflammation. Beans and lentils offer a good plant-based source of this mineral.


While not a food, staying hydrated is crucial for managing glaucoma. Dehydration can lead to increased eye pressure and worsening glaucoma symptoms.

A balanced diet rich in essential nutrients can provide a holistic approach to eye health, supporting medical treatments for glaucoma. However, when medical treatments and dietary modifications are not enough, Dr. Bergman offers minimally invasive glaucoma surgery in Rapid City, South Dakota, and Casper, Wyoming. 

We are here to guide you on a comprehensive strategy for managing glaucoma and maintaining overall eye health. To find out more, call the office nearest you or schedule an appointment online.