How to Prepare for Cataract Surgery

Jan 12, 2024
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Preparing for cataract surgery involves several key steps to ensure a successful outcome and smooth recovery. Here’s what you need to know about cataract surgery preparation.

Cataracts cause the lens of your eye to become cloudy, affecting your vision. The experienced team at Cory Bergman, MD, in Rapid City, South Dakota, and Casper, Wyoming, provide cataract surgery to remove and replace the cloudy lens with an artificial lens. This procedure is highly successful and can significantly improve your vision.

Preparing for cataract surgery involves several key steps to ensure a successful outcome and smooth recovery. This article outlines the essential preparation steps for patients undergoing cataract surgery.

Consultation and eye examination

Before surgery, you have a consultation and comprehensive eye exam to assess the severity of the cataract and discuss your vision needs. This is the time to ask questions and express any concerns.

Choosing the right lens

Dr. Bergman recommends a lens based on your lifestyle and vision needs. Options include:

Monofocal lenses

Monofocal lenses are the most commonly used intraocular lens (IOL). They offer clear vision at a single distance but require the use of reading glasses or bifocals for closer activities. 

Multifocal lenses

Multifocal lenses are designed to provide clear vision at multiple distances (near, intermediate, and far). They’re ideal for people who want to reduce their dependence on glasses for various tasks.

Toric lenses

Dr. Bergman typically recommends toric lenses for people with significant astigmatism as they can correct astigmatism along with cataracts. They offer clear distance vision, but reading glasses may still be needed for close work.

Each type of lens has unique attributes and potential trade-offs. The choice depends on your visual requirements and lifestyle. Discussing these options thoroughly with Dr. Bergman to understand which lens will best suit your needs and expectations is essential.

Pre-surgery medical evaluation and testing

We may advise a general medical evaluation with your primary care physician. This check-up ensures that you are healthy enough for surgery and identifies any potential risks. We also ask about all the medications and supplements you're taking. Some medications, like blood thinners, might need to be adjusted before surgery.

You might undergo preoperative tests, such as ultrasound, to measure the size and shape of your eye. This information helps your surgeon choose the appropriate lens implant.

Fasting before surgery

Typically, you are asked to fast (not eat or drink) for several hours before the surgery to reduce the risk of nausea and other complications during the procedure.

Arranging transportation

Since you won't be able to drive immediately after surgery, make arrangements for someone to drive you home and, if possible, stay with you for at least the first night.

Post-surgery instructions

Dr. Bergman may advise you to avoid certain activities, such as heavy lifting or strenuous exercise, before and after surgery. We also provide instructions about eye drops and follow-up appointments.

It’s normal to feel nervous or anxious before surgery, but remember cataract surgery is a common and generally safe procedure. Call the office nearest you or schedule an appointment online.